ESSIC seeks to understand the relationships between Earth's atmosphere, oceans, land masses and biosphere, with an eye to the influence of human activities on Earth's coupled systems.

ESSIC in the News

WOA23 annual mean sea water temperature for the 2015-2022 time period on 0.25 grid.

World Ocean Atlas 2023 Released

ESSIC/CISESS scientist Alexey Mishonov is one of the authors of the newly released World Ocean Atlas 2023. The World Ocean Atlas 2023 (WOA23) is a set of temperature, salinity, oxygen, phosphate, silicate, and nitrate means based on profile data from the World Ocean Database (WOD). WOA23 includes approximately 1.8 million new oceanographic casts added to the WOD since WOA18’s release, as well as renewed and updated quality controls. The database can be used to create boundaries and/or initial conditions for a variety of ocean models, verify numerical simulations of the ocean, and corroborate satellite data.

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